Mussoorie Facts You Must Know- Queen of the Hills

Mussoorie – The queen of Hills

One of the most well-known hill resorts in the nation is Mussoorie, sometimes referred to as Queen of the Hills. The dazzling hill town of Mussoorie has long been a favourite of many people. It is the inspiration for a romance, a haven for loners, and a sanctuary for nature lovers. The colourful hills will always serve as a constant reminder of your engagement, so once you’ve been here, it’s impossible to erase the memories from your heart.

Some of the most famous educational institutions in India are located in this colonial hill station, along with majestic hotels, quaint cafés, historic taverns, estates, churches, office buildings, lively marketplaces, and tourist attractions. One of India’s top hill resorts, Mussoorie is well-known for its Mall Road, Himalayan vistas, weekend getaways, and honeymoon spots. Mussoorie is one of only two spots in the world where you can view the winter line (The other being Switzerland).

In 1827, a British man named Captain Frederick Young and an official by the name of FJ Shore walked up the hill from the Doon valley and discovered that this ridge had fantastic vistas and a healthy environment.


History of Mussoorie

The word “Mansoor,” the name of a shrub that is commonly found in the region, is where the name “Mussoorie” originates. In 1803, under the guidance of Umer Singh Thapa, Gurkhas fortified the area and annexed Mussoorie’s border to their domain. East India Company also held sway over the provinces at the time, which led to the start of battle in 1814. They conquered Saharanpur district and incorporated it into their empire until 1819. At the same time, British soldiers found Dehradun to be a relaxing vacation destination. The area was kept secret, but not until other people heard about it and British officials learned about it. Mussoorie rose to prominence as a top summer vacation spot in 1827.

In the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, the Nehru family, including Indira Nehru (later Indira Gandhi), made numerous trips to Mussoorie and stayed at the Savoy Hotel.  They also visited the adjacent city of Dehradun, where Vijayalakshmi Pandit, a sister of Nehru, eventually made her permanent home. The 14th Dalai Lama moved to Mussoorie on April 20, 1959, during the 1959 Tibetan Rebellion. He stayed there until April 1960, when he moved to Dharamsala, Himachal Pradesh, where the Central Tibetan Administration is currently based.


Geography of Mussoorie


Mussoorie covers an area of 64.25 square Kilometer (Km), is still bordered on the south by the snow-capped Shivalik Ranges and on the north and east by the lush Doon Valley. Famous neighbouring towns like Landour, Jharipani, and Barlowganj are regarded as a part of Greater Mussoorie because they are inside the boundaries of Mussoorie. The average elevation of Mussoorie is around 2,005 meter (m). At a height of about 2,275 m, “Lal Tibba” is the highest point. It serves as a gateway to the popular tourism destinations of many devotees, the Gangotri and Yamunotri temples. The summer months in Mussoorie are blessed with very beautiful weather, drawing in a large number of people despite the fact that the city’s climate is pleasant virtually the whole year. Around 180 centimeter of rain fall on average falls in Mussoorie each year.


Places to visit


Road Camel’s Back

The location provides a beautiful sunset vista and a lifelike replica of a seated camel.

Gun hill

To reach Gun Hill, Mussoorie’s second-highest peak, one may take an exhilarating ropeway ride. A full panorama of the Himalayan mountains is available from the top.

The Surkanda Devi

The Surkanda Devi temple is located 3,030 m above sea level, close to the settlement of Kaddukhal. It is 33 Km away from Kaddukhal and requires a 2 Km hike. On top of the mountain, there lies a Surkanda Devi shrine of significant religious importance. Every year, throughout the months of May and June, a fair called “Ganga Dussehra” is held.

Temple of Bhadraj

Bhadraj, which is in Mussoorie town’s far western section, has a spectacular view of the Doon Valley. Views of the Jaunsar Bawar and Chakrata mountains are available from here. Lord Bal Bhadra is honoured in the Bhadraj Temple, brother of Krishna

Jharipani falls

Situated in the quaint village of Jharipani, about 7 Km from the city centre of Mussoorie, is the stunning Jharipani Falls.

Kempty Waterfall

The most intriguing and largest waterfall is Kempty Fall, which is located in a stunning valley of Mussoorie and is 15 Km from Mussoorie on the Yamunotri Road.


Dhanaulti, which is 24 Km from Mussoorie, offers a breathtaking view of the Himalayan peaks and valleys.

Some other spots: Lake Mussoori, Vinog Mountain Sanctuary for Quails, Nagtibba


Adventure Activities to do in Mussoorie

Sky walk, Vally crossing, Zip swing, Zip line, Trekking, Rock climbing, Rappelling, Camping, Paragliding, Mountain biking



The Mountain view, Hill Top Swiss Cottage, Japyee residency manor, The Imperial Square, Fortune The Savoy, Avalon Resort



The weather in Mussoorie is regarded for being healthy and pleasant. The best time to visit Mussoorie is between April and May or between September and November, when the weather is exceptionally nice and the hilltop is totally covered with rich green vegetation.

Summer (April to June)

From April through June, Mussoorie has its summer season, which is characterised by beautiful weather in the hill resort. At this time of year, the maximum temperature hovers around 30°C, while the overnight lows might reach 10°C.

Monsoon (July to September)

Between June/July and September, Mussoorie has its monsoon season, which is often followed by spring. The highland resort is surrounded by lush green vegetation and is awash in natural splendour at this time of year. Around December, Mussoorie also sees a lot of rain.

Winter (October to March)

In Mussoorie, winter starts in late October and stretches on till mid-March. In the day, the temperature hovers around 10°C, while the nights usually see it plummeting to 0°C. The hill resort might also experience snowfall in the winter season.


How to Reach

By Air

The closest airport to Mussoorie is Jollygrant Airport in Dehradun. Alternatively, travellers can take a trip to Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport. From there, they can take a bus or a vehicle to reach Mussoorie.

By Train

The closest train station to Mussoorie is Dehradun Railway Station, which is around 36 Km away. Dehradun city is served by several trains from distant and nearby locations, like as Delhi, Kolkata, Jammu, and Amritsar. Visitors can take local taxis or buses to go to Mussoorie after arriving by rail in Dehradun.

By Road

Mussoorie is connected to adjacent locations like Delhi, Dehradun, and other significant towns in Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand by a variety of state government and private buses. Buses to Mussoorie run often and every day, allowing travellers to select one that is most convenient for them.


Some other key points about Mussoorie

What makes Mussoorie famous?

Tourists go to Mussoorie for its hill station, restaurants, mall road, shopping, weekend getaways, and romantic getaways. Mussoorie is a suggested travel location for businesses, couples, families, children, foreigners, groups, and solo travellers.


Does Mussoorie have snowfall?

Mussoorie has experienced snow during the month of December, January and February. But the highest possibility of experiencing snow fall is during end of December or 1st week of January. Also, add Dhanaulti (24 Km from Mussoorie) to your itinerary, if you want to experience snow.


Is Mussoorie hot or cold?

Due to its closeness to the Himalayas, Mussoorie has chilly summers. 11°C to 36°C is the temperature range. The average daily temperature is a pleasant 26°C, although the evenings may turn chilly. The nights get chillier as the sun sets behind the mountains.


Shimla or Mussoorie: which is better compared?

In comparison to Mussoorie, Shimla is a far more cosmopolitan city, making it the better choice. There are several outdoor activities that may be organised in Shimla during the winter, such as skiing, etc. Mussoorie is not far behind, however there are less possibilities.


For Mussoorie, how many days are sufficient?

Given the number of locations in and around Mussoorie, one would require at least two days to visit the city and its surrounds at a leisurely pace.


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